WPA2 is a security protocol that encrypts the data transmitted over wireless networks. It is designed to prevent unauthorized access to the network by using a passphrase or a pre-shared key. However, WPA2 passwords can be cracked by using wordlists, which are collections of common or likely passwords that can be tried against the network.
In this article, we will show you how to crack WPA2 passwords with wordlists using a tool called hashcat, which is a fast and versatile password cracking tool that supports various hashing algorithms and attack modes. We will also show you how to create your own wordlists using mutation rules, which are rules that modify the input passwords to generate more variations.
What You Need
To crack WPA2 passwords with wordlists, you will need the following:
A wireless network adapter that supports monitor mode and packet injection. This will allow you to capture the handshake between the network and the client, which contains the encrypted password.
A computer with a powerful GPU that can run hashcat. Hashcat uses the GPU to perform parallel computations that speed up the cracking process.
A wordlist file that contains possible passwords for the network. You can download some wordlists from GitHub[^1^] or create your own using mutation rules.
A hashcat file that contains the handshake and the network name (SSID). You can use a tool like aircrack-ng or Wireshark to capture and extract the handshake from the network traffic.
How to Crack WPA2 Passwords with Wordlists
Once you have all the necessary files and tools, you can follow these steps to crack WPA2 passwords with wordlists:
Launch hashcat and select the attack mode. For wordlist attacks, you can use either straight (-a 0) or combinator (-a 1) mode. Straight mode tries each password in the wordlist as it is, while combinator mode combines two words from two different wordlists.
Specify the hash type and the hashcat file. For WPA2 passwords, you need to use hash type 2500 (-m 2500) and provide the path to the hashcat file that contains the handshake and the SSID.
Specify the wordlist file or files. You need to provide the path to the wordlist file or files that contain the possible passwords for the network. If you are using combinator mode, you need to provide two wordlist files separated by a comma.
Optionally, specify any mutation rules or options. You can use mutation rules (-r) to modify the input passwords to generate more variations. For example, you can use OneRuleToRuleThemAll, which is a popular rule set that generates about 52,000 mutations for every input password. You can also use options (-o) to customize the output format or save cracked passwords.
Start the cracking process and wait for the results. Hashcat will try each password in the wordlist or wordlists against the network and display any cracked passwords along with their hashes and positions in the wordlist.
Here is an example of a hashcat command that uses straight mode, hash type 2500, a hashcat file named wpa.hccapx, a wordlist file named algerie.txt, and OneRuleToRuleThemAll rule set:
hashcat -a 0 -m 2500 wpa.hccapx algerie.txt -r OneRuleToRuleThemAll.rule
Cracking WPA2 passwords with wordlists is a common technique that can be used to gain access to wireless networks. However, it is not always effective, as it depends on the quality and size of the wordlist and the complexity of the password. To increase your chances of cracking WPA2 passwords with wordlists, you should use mutation rules to generate more variations of the input passwords, and use multiple wordlists with different sources and languages. You should also be aware 061ffe29dd