A Review of Lineamenti di storia dell'architettura by Lorenzo Bartolini Salimbeni
Lineamenti di storia dell'architettura (Outline of architectural history) is a manual written by Lorenzo Bartolini Salimbeni, a professor of history of architecture at the University of Florence. The book was first published in 1994 by Sovera Edizioni and has been reprinted several times, with the latest edition in 2000. The book covers the main periods and styles of architecture from ancient times to the 20th century, with an emphasis on the European context. The book is divided into 12 chapters, each one focusing on a specific historical phase and presenting the main characteristics, examples, and influences of the architectural production of that time. The book also includes numerous illustrations, plans, diagrams, and maps to support the text and provide visual references for the reader.
The book is intended as a basic and comprehensive introduction to the history of architecture for students and general readers who are interested in the subject. The book adopts a chronological and descriptive approach, rather than a critical or theoretical one, and aims to provide a clear and concise overview of the main developments and trends of architectural history. The book is written in a simple and accessible language, avoiding technical jargon and complex concepts. The book also offers some suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter, as well as a general bibliography and an index at the end of the book.
The book has been well received by both academics and students, who have praised its clarity, completeness, and usefulness as a reference tool. The book has also been widely adopted as a textbook for courses on history of architecture in Italian universities. The book is considered one of the best manuals on architectural history available in Italian, and has been translated into several languages, including English, Spanish, French, German, and Chinese.
Lineamenti di storia dell'architettura is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about the history of architecture and appreciate its diversity and richness. The book offers a comprehensive and engaging overview of the evolution of architectural forms and ideas throughout history, showing how architecture reflects and influences the culture, society, and environment of each period. The book is also a useful guide for visiting and understanding some of the most important architectural monuments and sites in Europe and beyond.
In this review, we will briefly summarize the main contents of each chapter of the book and highlight some of the most interesting and relevant aspects of each period. We will also provide some examples of architectural works that illustrate the features and styles of each phase.
Chapter 1: Prehistoric and ancient architecture
This chapter covers the origins and development of architecture from the prehistoric times to the classical civilizations of Greece and Rome. The chapter discusses the main types and functions of prehistoric architecture, such as megaliths, dolmens, menhirs, and tumuli, as well as the emergence of urban planning and monumental architecture in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley. The chapter also analyzes the characteristics and influences of Greek and Roman architecture, such as the orders, the temples, the theaters, the forums, the baths, the aqueducts, and the domes. The chapter also mentions some of the most famous examples of ancient architecture, such as Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Giza, the Parthenon, the Colosseum, and the Pantheon.
Chapter 2: Medieval architecture
This chapter covers the architectural production of the Middle Ages, from the fall of the Roman Empire to the 15th century. The chapter discusses the main features and styles of medieval architecture, such as Romanesque, Gothic, Byzantine, Islamic, and Romanesque-Gothic. The chapter also examines the main types and functions of medieval architecture, such as churches, monasteries, castles, palaces, and cities. The chapter also provides some examples of medieval architecture, such as San Miniato al Monte in Florence, Notre Dame de Paris, Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, the Alhambra in Granada, and Salisbury Cathedral.
Chapter 3: Renaissance architecture
This chapter covers the architectural production of the Renaissance period, from the 15th to the 16th century. The chapter discusses the main features and styles of Renaissance architecture, such as classicism, humanism, perspective, proportion, harmony, and symmetry. The chapter also examines the main types and functions of Renaissance architecture, such as churches, palaces, villas, squares, and gardens. The chapter also mentions some of the most influential architects and works of Renaissance architecture, such as Brunelleschi, Alberti, Bramante, Michelangelo,